How to write a paper
Following on from how to read and review a paper, Professor Dimitrios Goulis (Greece) will present an ESE Talk outlining how to best approach paper writing. His talk will cover some useful writing structures, as well as some more general points of thinking such as questioning why you are writing a paper, and how to ensure it is as simple and concise as possible.
Key Learning points:
- Why are you writing a paper? There are right and wrong reasons for it.
- A robust structure is essential: the IMRaD is a good starting point.
- How would I start my paper? The PICO format can be used as a guide to formulate your research question.
- “Introduction” should include: main entities, rationale, “what is already known”, “what is not known”, and the aim of our research project.
- “Materials and Methods” must describe the protocol in the necessary detail for a researcher to be able to reproduce the experiment.
- "Results" provide the data concerning the primary aims of the study, followed by the secondary ones.
- Papers with appropriate use of Table and Figures are easier to read and understand.
- Well-structured Discussions are often more informative.
- The Equator Network has developed reporting guidelines for all the main study types.
- Sloppy scientific writing indicates sloppy scientific thinking.
- Always aim for a simple, concise, and comprehensive paper.
ESE Talks… How to write a paper: Thursday 23 July: 16:00 CET
Lead presenter: Dimitrios Goulis (Greece)
Please click below to view the recording, and view the remaining questions that were unanswered.
Dimitrios Goulis (Greece)
Dimitrios Goulis (Greece)
Professor in Reproductive Endocrinology Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece Professor Dimitrios G. Goulis completed his medical training (MD) and received his Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) degree from the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki. Having a scholarship from the European Union, he worked as clinical research fellow at St. Mary’s Hospital (Imperial College), London, acquiring the specialty of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism. He is currently professor of Reproductive Endocrinology in the 1st Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Aristotle University, Greece. He has published more than 300 full papers in peer-review international journals and has been an invited speaker in more than 400 international congresses, seminars and webinars. His main research interests include Andrology, endocrine complications of pregnancy, polycystic ovary syndrome, menopausal transition, and research methodology. He is currently or had been: • Head of the Unit of Reproductive Endocrinology, 1st Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Thessaloniki, Greece • Director of the training center in Andrology of the European Academy of Andrology (EAA) • Director of the executive committee for the postgraduate training programs (MSc) in “Research Methodology in Medicine and Health Sciences” (Aristotle University of Thessaloniki) • Deputy director of the executive committee for the postgraduate training programs (MSc) in “Human Reproduction” (Aristotle University of Thessaloniki) • President-Elect of the European Menopause and Andropause Society (EMAS) • Vice-president of the European Menopause and Andropause Society (EMAS) • Secretary general of the European Academy of Andrology (EAA) • Member of the executive committee for the postgraduate training program (MSc) in “Medical Research Methodology” (Aristotle University of Thessaloniki). • Associate editor of “Human Reproduction”, “Andrology”, “Metabolism”, “Journal of Endocrinological Investigation”, “Hormones”, “Anir” and “Human Reproduction Open”
Josef Köhrle (Germany) Chair
Josef Köhrle (Germany) Chair
Senior professor of Molecular Endocrinology, Institute for Experimental Endocrinology, Charité University-Medicine Berlin EDUCATION & TRAINING at the University of Hannover (Germany) in Biochemistry and Endocrinology (Diploma and PhD) Habilitation for Experimental Endocrinology at the Medical University of Hannover, Germany, 1991 Professional Career Research positions, postdoctoral training and Visiting Assistant Professor at several biochemistry- or endocrine-oriented academic institutions (Arrhenius Laboratory, Univ. of Stockholm; Division Endocrinology & Dept. Biochemistry, Med. University of Hannover; Dept. Nuclear Medicine, Univ. of Massachusetts, Medical School, Worcester, MA, USA; Max-Planck-Institute Exp. Endocrinology, Hannover) 1993 -2001: University Professor of Biochemistry, Univ. Würzburg, Head Division Molecular Internal Medicine and Head of the DFG-funded Clinical Research Group "Cell differentiation and local regulatory systems", Medical Policlinic, Univ. Würzburg 2001- 2017: University Professor of Molecular Endocrinology and Director Institute for Experimental Endocrinology, Charité University-Medicine Berlin 2017- present: Seniorprofessor Molecular Endocrinology, Charité University-Medicine Berlin Coordinator of various research and graduate programmes of the German Research Foundation (DFG) (e.g.: Selenoproteins, Endocrinology), continuous funding by DFG since 1984; project funding by EU, BMBF and various foundations. Involved in teaching of medical and life science students at Charité (Medicine and international master programme Molecular Medicine) as well as at the Faculty of Biology Free University Berlin. Involved in academic administration and responsibilities in the scientific community and learned societies (DGE, GMS, ESE, ETA). Member of editorial board of scientific journals in the field of endocrinology and trace elements; Editor in Chief ‘Endocrine Connections’ (gold open access). Chairman EDC Working group European Society of Endocrinology and member of the EU EDC task force of the Endocrine society. Several scientific honors and awards. Major research topics: molecular aspects of the thyroid hormone axis, thyroid hormone biosynthesis and metabolism; effects of endocrine active compounds upon the thyroid hormone axis; interaction between trace elements and the endocrine system; development of analytical methods for endocrine-relevant ligands. More than 400 publications in (mostly peer-reviewed) scientific journals and books, ca. 15000 citations, H index 65.